Students of Philosophy Association, Concordia University

Gottlob Frege – The Foundations of Arithmetic (excerpt)

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Henry D. Aiken – The Rise of Analytic Philosophy in England

From: William Barrett and Henry D. Aiken, Philosophy in the Twentieth Century, (New York: Random House, 1962) The Rise of Analytic Philosophy in England Introduction 1. At the turn of the twentieth century, English philosophy was largely under the domination of the English exponents of absolute idealism, T. H. Green, Bernard Bosanquet, and, above all, [...]

Xenophon – Hiero

or “The Tyrant” A Discourse on Despotic Rule Trans. H. G. Dakyns (January, 1998) Xenophon the Athenian was born 431 B.C. He was a pupil of Socrates. He marched with the Spartans, and was exiled from Athens. Sparta gave him land and property in Scillus, where he lived for many years before having to move [...]

John Stuart Mill – Utilitarianism

Chapter 1 General Remarks THERE ARE few circumstances among those which make up the present condition of human knowledge, more unlike what might have been expected, or more significant of the backward state in which speculation on the most important subjects still lingers, than the little progress which has been made in the decision of [...]

Immanuel Kant – Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals

Translated by Thomas Kingsmill Abbott Preface Ancient Greek philosophy was divided into three sciences: physics, ethics, and logic. This division is perfectly suitable to the nature of the thing; and the only improvement that can be made in it is to add the principle on which it is based, so that we may both satisfy [...]

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